As it is said, one cannot make bricks without straws. But what if those straws become scattered in the lost ground? Well, it can only question the functionality and structure of the brick. Similarly, in all these years we as “people of India” have failed in representing our country. In a way, three traditional notions of democracy for the people, by the people and of the people have led us to realize a ‘bifurcated’ society. And, Naxalism is such a worm which has devoured the social fabric in a short span of time.
The multi-party system has provided us with an opportunity of exploring the working of administration but the lacking stone lies in the administering the grievances of the people. Correctly, when practical solutions become ‘sky-high’ it loses the trust in the seriousness of a political party. Our forefathers’ prediction of people’s democracy has made us live a misinterpreted reality.
Already, the conditions and grievances of scheduled tribes are always wrongly addressed. The statistics show the improvement but actuality picturizes the misconceptions of virtuality. A whole misinterpreted truth with which these tribes have to live surreptitiously.
As per the study of Vidyasagar University, Santal, the third largest tribe in India, lives in many states including Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Tripura etc. In West Bengal, Santals represent 54.27% of the total tribal population and they are spread over in vast areas of Purba and Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia. This tribe lives in remote places and is characterized by poverty, illiteracy, and nutritional problems. The health status of this community remains unreported excepting few studies. The prevalence of under-nutrition in children is an indicator of community health status. The nutritional status of Santal children has not been investigated recently in West Bengal.
Being the most dominant and recognized tribe in West Bengal, the localities still have to live the fear of oscillation between the local administration and Naxalism. Historically, the Santal tribe was involved in the Naxalite activities on the issues like eviction of sharecroppers and excess of land to give a befitting reply to the CPI (M) led United Front government. Presently, 40% of India’s land area under the active participation of Naxalism in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chattisgarh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Of course, their demands are not anybody’s lavish wishes which can’t be fulfilled. In search of basic amenities, job opportunities for their children make the localities crippled to rely upon the violent insurgencies towards the government.
How Naxalism is the biggest threat to India?
Isaac Aminov has once said that violence is the last refuge of incompetent. But in search of adequate operations, local people try to move towards the ‘shadow’ of savagery. Anyhow, the answer remained unserved. Naturally, the local people trampled upon between the politics of blame and ‘well-wishers’ of brutality.
As per the report of Institute of Peace and Studies 015 the level of violence orchestrated in 2010, so far the worst year of Maoist violence, resulting in the deaths of over 900 civilians and security forces would possibly remain unmatched, an upswing in violence, albeit marginal, was recorded in 2013 over the previous year. 270 civilians and security forces were killed in 2013 in various states compared to 250 deaths in 2012. In spite of the killing of 151 Maoist cadres in 2013, the outfit’s level of violence did not show much signs of abatement. States like Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar and Odisha remained affected by the significant amount of extremist mobilisation as well as violence. Therefore, we happened to identify the developing notions of modernism nowhere especially in a district like Bankura which is in pain of ‘progression’.
An uncomfortable truth of CRPF
Although with an ever‐expanding budget of Rs. 12,169.51 crores for the current financial year ‐ amounting to almost 1/5th of the Ministry of Home Affairs Report the entire budget of the successive chiefs of the force has failed to provide its fighting troops even the basic of the provisions.
With after every Naxal attack, the same old failure of coordination in the special-forces, local police and the intelligence becomes the cause of the concern’. Therefore, the answer lies in establishing a relationship of solidarity between the ruler and ruled in a democratic society. As we hope for a ‘change’ in a part of a country which is engulfed with the rotten pieces of party politics.
Overall, repeatedly whether it was Sukma, Dantewada or Bihar’s Aurangabad attack the ‘constant’ efforts of government always revealed a dark secret of a state which has transformed a failure of the administration to a shame of a country.